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Statistical Physics

. Foundations

Statistical Physics techniques are at the basis of our approach to the study of complex systems. Statistical Physics uses the methods of probability theory and statistics to bridge the gap between the microscopic properties of individual atoms and molecules and the macroscopic or bulk properties of materials.

At the Institute, statistical physicists generalize the applicability of this discipline by studying other types of microscopic elements that interact to give place to collective macroscopic phenomena. Apart from the philosophical approach, some specific techniques that we have adapted for the study of complex systems are statistical models of anomalous diffusion and transport, models for the study of phase transitions and criticality --such as the Ising model--, and renormalization group theory.